×Latest Case Laws on Income Tax by various Income Tax Appellate Tribunals in India
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07-11-2019, Ganesh Ganga Investments, Section 132, 133A, 148, Tribunal Delhi
This appeal by Assessee has been directed against the Order of the Ld. CIT(A)-4, New Delhi, Dated 26.12.2018, for the A.Y. 2010-2011.
2. Briefly the facts of the case are that assessee company filed its return of income on 04.02.2011 for the A.Y. 2010-2011 declaring loss of Rs.9,616/- which was
processed under section 143(1) of the I.T. Act, 1961. The assessee declared income from brokerage and commission, interest on loan and profit on sale of investment also.
2.1. An information was received from the O/o. CIT, Central-2, New Delhi, vide letter Dated 14.02.2014 mentioning therein that a search/survey operation under
section 132/133A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 was conducted by the Investigation Wing at the business and residential premises of Shri Himanshu Verma and his Group on 29.03.2012 wherein after intensive and extensive inquiry and examination of documents seized during the course of search, it has been gathered that the said persons are involved in providing accommodation entries to the persons who were named in the report. During the course of inquiry made by the Investigation Wing, it also came to the notice that Shri Himanshu Verma was engaged in the business of providing accommodation entries through cheques/PO/DD in lieu of cash to large number of beneficiary companies through various paper and dummy companies floated and controlled by him. The cash received from the parties for providing accommodation entries was first deposited in the account of these dummy firms/companies in the guise of cash received against the bogus sales duly shown in the books of account. On the basis of the material available on record, the A.O. after recording reasons for reopening of the assessment, issued notice under section 148 to the assessee on 31.03.2017 which was served upon the assessee. The assessee objected to the reopening of the assessment and requested to provide copy of the approval of Competent Authority under section 151 of the I.T. Act, 1961. The Assessee also contended that whatever material was collected at the back of the assessee was not confronted and requested to supply statement of Shri Himanshu Verma, report and data complied / received from Investigation Wing, report and data complied/received by ITO, Ward-10(1), New Delhi, diaries and registers considered as incriminating material seized from Shri Himanshu Verma and any other documents which Department wanted to rely. It was further submitted that proceedings under section 147/148 of the I.T. Act, cannot be invoked for making inquiry or verification purposes. The assessee denied receipt of any accommodation entry from any such person. The A.O, however, rejected the objections of the assessee and proceeded to make assessment in the matter. The A.O. noted that in assessment year under appeal, assessee has received Rs.11,05,00,000/- on account of share capital and share premium from 38 parties as noticed during the course of assessment proceedings. The summary of the same is reproduced in the assessment order. The assessee was asked to file complete postal address, PAN and other details of these 38 parties. The A.O. also issued notice under section 133(6) to all 38 share subscriber companies and asked for the details from them.
The A.O. received replies from 26 companies. In 06 cases, although notice issued under section 133(6) of the I.T. Act were issued as per new name as well as old name of the company, but, the same were returned back un-served by the Postal Authorities. In the remaining 06 cases, no replies have been received. The A.O. noted that replies received from 26 parties under section 133(6) have been analysed and these companies furnished copy of the acknowledgment of ITR, balance sheet as on 31.03.2010, P & L A/c, copy of the bank statement. The A.O. however, did not accept the replies filed by the 26 investor companies on the reasons that replies have been received in bunch for similar style of envelopes and posted from three post offices. The A.O. also noted that none of the parties explained as to why high premium was paid and parties have not explained source of the investment. The A O. also noted that 26 parties filed copy of the ITR, balance sheet, P & L A/c and bank statement, but, it shows that their income shown is very meagre in the return of income. The assessee was asked to produce the persons/Principal Officers of these entities for verification. However, assessee did not produce the same.
The A.O. also analysed the statement of Shri Himanshu Verma through whom amount have been received and the A.O. ultimately rejected the explanation of assessee on genuine share application money received from 38 parties and made addition of Rs.11.05 crores. The A.O. further noted that assessee has paid commission in cash for arranging these entries, on which, addition was made of Rs.22,10,000/- i.e., @ 2% of the amount in question which was also added to the returned income.
3. The assessee challenged the reopening of the assessment as well as additions on merit before the Ld. CIT(A). It was contended that assessment framed on the basis of material / documents / information received from third party and without application of mind by the A.O, therefore, whole assessment is invalid and bad in law. It was further submitted that assessee has shown all the amounts in his books of account and return of income filed with the Department. The A.O. has reopened the assessment by mentioning in the reasons that assessee has received entries of Rs.2.45 crores which fact is incorrect. The initiation of re-assessment have been made merely on the basis of Investigation Wing report without applying the mind. No right of cross-examination have been provided to