×Latest Case Laws on Income Tax by various Income Tax Appellate Tribunals in India
These are the latest case laws decided by various Income Tax Appellate Tribunals (ITAT) of India on Income Tax which have been published recently. The case laws are open for discussion and we invite expert comments from our members on its applicability and effect on relevant issues.
These cross appeals in ITA No.3192/Mum/2013 & ITA No. 3508/Mum/2013 for A.Y.2008-09 arise out of the order by the ld. Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals)-6, Mumbai in appeal No.CIT(A)- 6/IT-231/2010-11 dated 25/02/2013 (ld. CIT(A) in short) against the order of assessment passed u/s.143(3) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as Act) dated 24/12/2010 by the ld. Dy.Commissioner of Income Tax 2(3), Mumbai (hereinafter referred to as ld. AO). Since, the issues involved are identical in all these appeals, they are taken up together and disposed off by this common order for the sake of convenience.
2. Set off of Interest on Income Tax Refund with Interest charged on income tax demands
Ground No.1 of Assessee Appeal
The brief facts of this issue is that the assessee received interest from income tax department to the tune of Rs 43 81 crores and also paid interest to income tax department on its tax demands to the tune of Rs 6.57 crores. The assessee sought to set off the interest paid on income tax demands with the interest received from income tax department in the return of income. The ld AO disallowed the interest paid on income tax demands to the tune of Rs 6.57 crores as the same is not allowable in terms of section 40(a)(ii) of the Act and accordingly taxed the gross interest received from income tax department of Rs 43.81 crores under the head income from other sources. The ld CITA by placing reliance on the order passed by his predecessor for the Asst Years 2007-08 and 2005-06 in assessee‟s own case upheld the action of the ld AO. The ld CITA further directed the ld AO to verify the assessment records of Asst Year 1990-91, 2003-04 and 2005-06 in order to ensure that there is no double addition. Aggrieved, the assessee is in appeal before us.
2.1. We have heard the rival submissions and perused the materials available on record including the judicial pronouncements relied upon by both the sides at the time of hearing. We find that the ld AR placed reliance on the decision of Hon‟ble Jurisdictional High Court in the case of DIT (International Taxation) vs Bank of America NT and SA in Income Tax Appeal No. 177 of 2012 dated 3.7.2014 wherein the Hon‟ble High Court approved the action of this tribunal had held as under:-
“3 Even with regard to the question No.2 we do not find that it is a substantial question of law. The Tribunal found that the Assessee Bank received interest on refund of taxes paid. It also paid interest on the taxes which were payable. The Assessee sought to set off the interest paid against the interest received and offered the net interest received to tax. We do not see that such findings of the Tribunal are vitiated in law. All that the Tribunal has done earlier and now is that in the case of this Assessee simply because the exercise carried out by it does not result in loss of revenue and there could not be any prohibit on for the same, allowed it. That is how the Assessing Officer's order is set aside. We do not see how any larger controversy or question arises for our consideration. Mr.Pinto would refer to Section 57 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 in that regard and submit that this course would be adopted by other Assessees as well and in that event the order passed by this Court would come in the way of the Revenue in investigating and probing such exercise by other Assessees.
4 We do not see how this order can be cited _as .precedent inasmuch as the Assessee before the Tribunal and before us paid interest to the Income Tax Department amounting to Rs.10,26,906/-. The Assessee claimed that this was business expenditure and this should have been allowed. The Assessee has received the interest of Rs.1,07,57,930/-. It was submitted that the amount of interest paid by the Assessee should have been allowed to be set off against the interest deposited with the Department and taxed in the hands of the Assessee. The argument was that the interest paid to and received from is the same party i.e. Government of India and therefore, both transactions should be taken together.
5. We do not find that the Tribunal has, in permitting this exercise, in any way violated any of the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. It was a peculiar situation between the Assessee and the Department. The Tribunal has followed the similar exercise in the case of very Assessee on the prior occasion as well. In such circumstances we are of the opinion that the second question also does not raise any substantial question of law.”
2.2. Respectfully following the said decision, the ground no. 1 raised by the assessee is allowed.