×Latest Case Laws on Income Tax by various Income Tax Appellate Tribunals in India
These are the latest case laws decided by various Income Tax Appellate Tribunals (ITAT) of India on Income Tax which have been published recently. The case laws are open for discussion and we invite expert comments from our members on its applicability and effect on relevant issues.
1. These are the 12 cross appeals filed by the assessee and the learned Assessing Officer involving similar issue in case of one assessee for all 6- assessment years. Both the parties argued them together raising similar arguments on these issues for concluded assessment and abated assessment. Therefore, these all appeals are disposed of by this common order.
2. The parties agreed that AY 2012-13 is a lead Assessment Year and facts relating thereto were adverted by them. It was stated that identical additions were made in the hands of the assessee company for AY 2013- 14, 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18. In case of AY 2017-18 there is also a separate addition other then the identical addition as mentioned in Ay 2012-13 , which would be dealt with by both the parties independent and separate manner as the facts and circumstances leading to that additions were different. For ascertaining the status of each of the assessment, it is important to note that on 21/3/2017 there was a search on this group including the assessee company.
3. Therefore, we cull out brief facts of the case which shows that assessee is a company [Appellant] who originally filed its return of income u/s 139 (1) of The Income Tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as The Act) on 31/10/2013 declaring income of INR 60285750/ Assessment u/s 143 (3) of the act was made on 24/3/2015 at the assessed income of INR 245285750/-, wherein an addition of INR 185 000,000 was made because of unexplained share capital and share premium.
4. On appeal before the learned CIT – A, per order dated 31/3/2016, the above addition was deleted. Against his, ld AO did not prefer further appeal. So, assessment for assessment year 2012 – 13 was concluded.
5. Status of other assessment years is as under:-
a) AY 2013-14 assessment u/s 143 (3) is completed as per order dated 31/3/2016 wherein the returned income of the assessee of INR 7 2289816/– was accepted.
b) AY 2014 15, assessment u/s 143 (3) of the income tax act was passed on 28/12/2016 accepting the returned income of the assessee at INR 1 31641113/–.
c) For assessment year 2015 – 16 assessee filed its return of income on 30/3/2017 declaring income of INR 1 58775950/– which is pending on the date of search on 21/3/2017.
d) For assessment year 2016 – 17 assessee filed its return of income on 29/12/2017 declaring income of INR 3 55009894/–, which was pending on the date of search on 21/3/2017.
e) For assessment year 2017 – 18 the return of income was filed by the assessee on 29/12/2017 declaring an income of INR 6 81855980/– which was pending for assessment as on the date of search on 21/3/2017.
6. A search and seizure operation was carried out on 21/3/2017. For AY 2012-13, Notice u/s 153A of the act was issued on 6/8/2018. Assessee filed return of income, which was originally filed, on 28/8/2018. AO noted that assessment year 2011 – 12 was already settled before the income tax settlement commission (ITSC) order dated 11/3/2016. The assessment u/s 153A was carried out and it was found that assessee has issued share capital at different premium from different assesses on different dates and therefore assessee was asked to prove identity and creditworthiness of these companies. The learned assessing officer found that these companies do not have much operation but have a robust ba ance sheet. The companies have paid heavy premium per share and there is no rational for paying such a high premium. In the subsequent years after investment in the assessee company, the operations in most of the companies have reduced further. These companies have common directors. The companies are operated by Kolkata based operator. Further, during the course of search blank sign share transfer forms, blank signed power of attorney and other documents necessary for transfer of shares were found and seized. Thesedocuments related to the companies from which the assessee is claimed to received share capital and share premium. Thus, the AO noted that the entire transaction is a sham transaction. Mr. Apresh Garg, MD of appellant, was confronted issue of share capital in his statement u/s 132 (4) of the act. In response to question number 22 in statement dated 22/3/2017, he stated that the amounts so received, as share capital is nothing but the assessee’s own money that was routed back to the assessee company in the form of share capital. He submitted that assessee has paid through cheque to the depositors, who in turn made deposit of the above sum as share capital with the assessee company. The learned AO further noted that books of all these entities are maintained at the office of the assessee company, however, those books of accounts were not found. During the course of assessment proceedings, assessee was specifically asked to file the