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30-10-2018, SUSHILA N. RUNGTA, Section 6, 116, 74, SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

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6 months 24 minutes ago #7770 by amit
Section - 6, 116, 74
Order Date - 30-10-2018
Favouring - Set Aside
Court - SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
Appellant - SUSHILA N. RUNGTA
Respondent - TRO
Justice - R.F. Nariman, J.
Citation - 1118Taxpundit170
Appeal No. - CIVIL APPEAL NO. 10824 OF 2018
Asstt. Year -

Order

PER : R.F. Nariman, J.

Civil Appeal No. 723/1973:

1) In this appeal, an order dated 03.01.1970 was passed by the Collector of Central Excise in which, it was ordered as follows:-

“17. In view of the above-mentioned facts, the party charged is entitled to the benefit of the amnesty granted by the Government. Even though he had initially failed to declare the gold, time was available to him up to 31.5.66 to invest the gold into gold bonds and his intentions would have materialised but for the fact that seizure of gold prevented him from tendering the Gold to the Bank, as it was not in his possession at that time.

18. While intention to invest the gold in gold bonds is conceded failure to declare was, no doubt, there. He was required by law to declare his gold to the Government. Since he did not declare this gold, even though he is given the benefit of the gold bond scheme, he has rendered himself liable to punishment for not declaring his gold, at the appropriate time, as required by law.

19. Considering all the facts and circumstances of the case and weighing the merits of the evidence available on record, I order that the gold shall be released to the party charged for invest in gold bond in pursuance of the application tendered by him to the State Bank of Indore in 1965.

20. I also order that for failure to declare the gold in his possession, which involves contravention of gold control rules, I impose upon him a penalty of Rs.25,000/- (Rupees twenty-five thousands only) under Rule 126-I(16) of the Gold Control Rules, 1962 (Corresponding to Section 74 of the Gold Control Act, 1968)”

2) Against the aforesaid order, an appeal was dismissed on 08.02.1971. Exercising suo motu powers under the Defence of India Rules, a show cause notice dated 01.06.1971 was issued in which it was sought to confiscate the items of gold and enhance penalty that had been imposed. This show cause notice was challenged by the grand-father of the present petitioner in a writ petition that was ultimately dismissed by the Delhi High Court on 29.09.1972. This appeal is an appeal from the aforesaid judgment. This Court, on 09.08.1973, passed the following order:

“Upon hearing the counsel for the parties, while counsel for Respondent No.3 waiving notice of motion, the Court directed stay of all further proceedings in pursuance of the impugned proceedings dated 01.06.1971 pending final disposal of this appeal. The Court allowed C.M.Ps. 3056 and 3058 of 1973”

3) While the stay order of this Court continued, the Gold Control Act itself was repealed.

This was effected by two sections, namely,:

1. Short title.- This Act may be called the Gold (Control) Repeal Act, 1990.

2. Repeal of Act 45 of 1968.- The Gold (Control) Act, 1968 is hereby repealed.

The statement of objects and reasons for this Act is as follows:

“Gold control which regulated the domestic trade and movement of gold within the country was introduced on 9th January, 1963 as part of the Defence of India Rules. Later on, the Gold Control Act, 1968 was enacted with the broad objectives of controlling the production, manufacture, supply, distribution, use and
possession of and business in gold, ornaments and articles of gold. The said enactment was meant to supplement other preventive measures to make circulation of smuggled gold difficult and its detection easier by extending the control over gold beyond the stage of import.

2. Over the past 22 years, the results achieved under the Act have not been encouraging and the desired objectives for which the Act was introduced have not been achieved due to various socio-economic and cultural factors in the vast multitude of the country’s population and the lack of administrative machinery. On the other hand, this regressive and purely regulatory Act has given rise to considerable dissatisfaction in the minds of the public as it has caused hardship and harassment to the artisans and small self-employed goldsmiths who have not been able to develop their skills and earn proper living on account of the rigours which this Act imposed upon them.

3. Taking these factors into consideration and the advice of experts who have examined issues related to this Act, it is proposed to repeal the Gold (Control) Act, 1968.

4. The Bill seeks to achieve the said object.”

4) What has been argued by Mr. R. Venkataramani, learned senior counsel appearing on behalf of the appellant, is that considering that the Gold Control Act itself has been repealed without a saving clause, Section 6 of the General Clauses Act would not apply for the reason that the objects and reasons show that the Act was sought to be repealed without any saving clause. He relied strongly upon the objects and reasons using the expression “regressive” and the fact that it has given rise to considerable dissatisfaction in the minds of the public as it has caused hardship and harassment to artisans and small self-employed goldsmiths. Therefore, according to him, the statement of objects and reasons clearly evinces a contrary intention as a result of which, nothing will survive the repeal of this Act. This being so, a show cause notice which has been upheld by the Delhi High Court would not survive.

5) On the other hand, Mr. Rupesh Kumar, learned counsel appearing on behalf of the Revenue, has taken us though the impugned judgment and has argued that once there is a repeal

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