×Latest Case Laws on Income Tax by various High Courts of India
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11-02-2019, PADMINI VNA MECHATRONICS, Section 260A, 133, HIGH COURT OF MUMBAI
1. The Revenue in this appeal under Section 260A is aggrieved by the ITAT’s order, which had affirmed the Appellate Commissioner’s decision, setting aside a reassessment order.
2. The substantial question of law raised is that the lower appellate authorities have returned unreasonable and perverse findings on merits. For Assessments Year 2008-09, reassessment notices were issued to the assessee, on the ground that the latter had made bogus purchases. The assessee manufactured various kinds of automobile parts and electronic parts. The precise complaint was that the two concerns, M/s Om Industrial Corporation (OIC) and M/s Techno
Enterprises were shown as sellers of raw material in respect of the substantial quantities. The Revenue alleged that the purchases reflected from these sources were bogus. The Revenue relied upon the survey proceedings under Section 133 as well as the statements made under Section 133A. It further relied upon the statement made allegedly by bogus entry providers, who stated that the amounts claimed by the asessee as expenditure were of fictitious and bogus nature. The AO acted upon these and disallowed the expenditure to the tune of ₹60,61,4801.
3. Upon appeal the CIT(A) considered the explanation and also various documentary evidence on record. These included the forms evidencing deposit of VAT dues; the D-3 Transit/Transport challan, stock register maintained at the asseessee’s factory premises, the relevant central excise gate passes/records of purchases in the statutory register RG-1 etc. After recording these submissions, the CIT(A) held that the issues in the relevant assessment year were squarely covered by his orders for A.Y. 2006-07 and 2007-08. In those orders, the CIT(A) was of the opinion that even though initiation of re-assessment was justified, the addition made in the reassessment proceedings, was not justified. The CIT(A)’s reasoning in those orders was as follows:
“The AO has also made a reference to the bankAccounts of these concerns showing cash withdrawal for returning the money to the beneficiaries. In view of these broad findings, the AO reached to the conclusion that the purchases made from these parties are not genuine. The AO however, could not point out any discrepancy in the documents and records, including stock register produced before him. In this case, I find that all the, purchases are evidences by purchase invoices. All the 3 parties are registered with VAT and having TIN nos. as mentioned in the invoices. All the 3 parties are at Faridabad / Haryana. The purchases are made by the appellant at it's Gurgaon factory. For every sale from Faridabad / Haryana to Gurgaon, the seller party has to obtain advance D - 3 Vat Form from Faridabad VAT Deptt. This form is to be accompanied with the purchase invoice during transportation of goods from the seller to the buyer. The purchase invoice, D - 3 VAT form and the physical goods transported are inter - sea matched by the Vat Deptt. at the border. The VAT Deptt. after verification, put it's seal on the D - 3 form In this case, for all the 3 parties all such documents have been produced by the appellant. It un- doubtedly shows the movement of goods from Haryana to Gurgaon. On receipt of goods, it receipt is entered in the gate entry register by the Security guard on the gate who after physical verification of the goods put a seal on the back of the invoice. This seal mentions the particulars of gate entry no., date and initial of security guard. Then, the goods are received in store where it's receipts are entered in the stock register. Then the movement of goods from the stores to production Deptt. is also recorded in the Stock Register. The copies of relevant stock records showing this movement has also been produced before AO wherein no discrepancy has been noticed. The unit is cover under the Excise Act. The production, and it's sale is recorded in the Excise records. All these records were produced and filed before the AO wherein, again no discrepancy has been noticed. All these documents shows the movement of goods from Haryana to Gurgaon factory of the appellant and thereafter issuance for production and ultimately culminating into sales. The Excise records are audited periodically by the Excise Deptt. Purchase also needs to be reported to the VAT Deptt. through VAT returns. The purchases from these parties also stood declared to the VAT Deptt. which after verification,