Summary and Review of Case Laws Decided by Income Tax Appellate Tribunals
Friday, 01 July 2016 12:34

Penalty u/s 271(1)(b) for Non Compliance of Notice Cannot be Levied when the Order is Passed u/s 143(3) and Not u/s 144 - Delhi Tribunal on 29th June, 2016

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Penalty u/s 271(1)(b) of Income Tax Act, 1961 Penalty u/s 271(1)(b) of Income Tax Act, 1961

Penalty u/s 271(1)(b) for Non Compliance of Notice 

1. When Order is Passed u/s 143(3) and Not u/s 144, Penalty u/s 271(1)(b) for Non Compliance Cannot be Levied 

2. This means that subsequent compliance in the assessment proceedings was considered as good compliance and the defaults committed earlier were ignored by the AO

3. In absence of recording of the satisfaction in the assessment order, mere initiation of penalty will not confer jurisdiction on the AO to levy the penalty

FactsFacts of Tribunal Case

1. This appeal of the assessee is against the impugned order dated 6.12.2013 passed by the Ld. CIT(A)-XV, New Delhi, confirming the imposition of penalty of Rs. 10,000/- u/s 271(1)(b) of the Income Tax Act, 1961

2. During the course of assessment proceedings, the AO issued statutory notices under Section 143(2) and 142(1) on various dates including on 12.04.2012 calling for compliance on 19.04 2012; on 23.08.2012 for compliance on 05.09.2012; on 06.09.2012 for compliance on 13.09.2012; and on 17.09.2012 calling for compliance on 25.09.2012

3. However, on none of the above dates, the assessee represented before the AO through an Authorised Representative or filed any letter for adjournment

4. The AO thereafter, issued notice dated 11.10.2012 asking the assessee to explain as to why penalty under Section 271(l)(b) should not be imposed

5. On the scheduled date on 19.10.2012, the assessee preferred not to comply and, accordingly, the AO levied penalty of Rs.10,000/- on one instance of default in respect of notice dated 17.09.2012

6. Assessee appealed to CIT(A) and penalty u/s 271(1)(b) was confirmed

7. Assessee moved to Tribunal and Penalty is deleted

Arguments of Assessee

The Ld. AR assailing the imposition of penalty submitted that the AO had imposed penalty in an arbitrary manner and submitted that on various dates of hearing, the AR had visited the office of the AO who was extremely busy and therefore, neither any hearings were conducted nor was any attendance recorded

The Ld. AR also drew attention to the first para of the assessment order dated 28.03.2013 and submitted that in the said para, the AO himself admits that "Sh. Pratap Gupta, CA/AR appeared from time to time and submitted requisite details which are placed on record". In view of this, it was pleaded that there was no wisdom in the assessment order in respect of the alleged non-compliance

Arguments by Revenue

The Ld. DR submitted that the Ld CIT (A) has carefully considered the facts of the case and the applicable case laws in the matter. As per section 271(l)(b), penalty for each instance of default may be levied @Rs 10,000/- if the concerned authority, during the course of proceedings, is satisfied that the person has failed to comply with the statutory notice or the direction. The provisions of Section 271(l)(b) provide that no penalty is to be imposed if the person proves that there was a reasonable cause for the failure to comply with the statutory notice. It was submitted that on careful consideration of the facts of the case, the Ld. CIT (A) found that the assessee had failed to appear before the AO on at least five occasions. In fact, the AO had initiated the penalty under Section 271(l)(b) and had sought the reply from the assessee on 19.10.2012, However, on that date also, neither the AR of the assessee appeared nor any letter in reply to the said notice was filed. In respect of the other dates of hearing also, no letter seeking adjournment was filed. The assessee claim that its AR had appeared before the AO but could not record the attendance is completely unsubstantiated. The allegation that the AO was busy with the time-barring assessment could be valid in the fag end of the year, however, all five dates on which default was made were from April, 2012 to October, 2012, during which generally there is no great pressure of time-barring assessments. Under the circumstances, he did not find any reasonable cause on the part of the assessee of not making compliance before the AO. There is no reasonable explanation as to why the assessee did not file even a letter for adjournment in the matter. 


AdjudicationWe find that the instant appeal is squarely covered by the decision of the Co-ordinate Bench of ITAT Delhi in the case of Akhil Bhartiya Prathmik Shikshak Sangh Bhawan trust vs ACIT 5 DTR 429 (Delhi Tribunal) wherein the Coordinate Bench in paras 2.4 and 2.5 has held as under :-

“2.4 Coming to the issue of recording of satisfaction, it may be mentioned that mere initiation of penalty does not amount to satisfaction as held by Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT vs. Ram Commercial Enterprises Ltd. (2001) 167 CTR (Del) 321 : (2000) 246 ITR 568 (Del). In absence of recording of the satisfaction in the assessment order, mere initiation of penalty will not confer jurisdiction on the AO to levy the penalty.

2.5 We also find that finally the order was passed under s. 143(3) and not under s. 144 of the Act. This means that subsequent compliance in the assessment proceedings was considered as good compliance and the defaults committed earlier were ignored by the AO. Therefore, in such circumstances, there could have been no reason to come to the conclusion that the default was willful ”

6. As the facts of this case are identical, we hold that the imposition of penalty u/s 271(1)(b) of the Act was patently wrong, specially in view of the fact that the impugned assessment order has been passed u/s 143(3). While setting aside the impugned order, we direct the Assessing Officer to delete the penalty.

Cases Referred to

1. Akhil Bharatiya Prathmik Shikshak Sangh Bhawan Trust Vs ACIT (2008) 5 DTR (Del) (Trib) 429

2. CIT vs. Ram Commercial Enterprises Ltd. (2001) 167 CTR (Del) 321 : (2000) 246 ITR 568 (Del)

Additional Info

Read 47294 times Last modified on Thursday, 05 January 2017 21:29

Amit is a Chartered Accountant and a part of Taxpundit's Support Team. He has experience in various industry sectors including manufacturing, power and utilities, financial services, alternative investments etc. He is a passionate blogger and keep writing articles on Income Tax for various publications.

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  • Comment Link Venugopal a n Tuesday, 04 December 2018 21:30 posted by Venugopal a n

    I have been levied a penalty’s of rs/ 10000/- under section 271(1)b though I had sent a mail explaining my inability to attend on the same date on which I was to attend. Kindly, enlighten if there is any clause to refund the penalty paid.

  • Comment Link BHADRESH A SHAH Wednesday, 27 December 2017 22:04 posted by BHADRESH A SHAH

    AO had issued notice u/s 148 of I.T. Act and u/s 142(1) of I.T. Act. subsequently AO issued show cause u/s 271(1) (b) of the act.
    Assessee had filed his income tax return but tax was not paid. can AO levy penalty.


    With reference to the above Tribunal decision what will be the fate of Assessment under section 144 in a case the provision 145(3) are attracted though there is no default ?

  • Comment Link Pallavi Sunday, 03 July 2016 17:38 posted by Pallavi

    Penalty of 10000 only. How much is pent on litigation ?

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